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The Cenotes in the Yucatan peninsula, Tulum Mexico

Because of its geological composition, the soil of the Yucatan Peninsula is a sponge when it rains, it absorbs all moisture. The water seeping through the soil begins to erode the rock, that gives way to caverns that can be partially or completely flooded, when one of those caverns collapses due to the natural flow of water, cenotes are formed.

The formation of cenotes can last thousands of years. There are open, semi-open, and ancient cavern cenotes, classification depends mainly on their age.

These pools of crystalline water connected by a network of underground rivers and which by their nature can vary in shape and characteristics, are virtually unique to the Yucatan Peninsula.

The basement of the Yucatan peninsula is formed by the accumulation of various marine animals, mostly marine shell and coral, which at his death were piling up and degraded forming densely compacted limestone. Inside the cenotes can see traces of these organisms and some plants such as fossilized coral.

For the Maya, cenotes were considered sources of life, while providing the vital liquid were the input to the other world and center of communion with the gods. The word comes from the Mayan cenote dzonot, meaning cave with water.

We invite you to discover these fabulous photographs and these incredible cenotes !!

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Cenote bike tours in Tulum, admire the beauty of the mayan riviera with our eco tour in a bike

tulum tour 5 cenotes tankah tour - swim and float Mexico27 Mexico01-2 tulum tour 5 cenotes tankah tour - we visit 5 cenotes in one day tulum tour 5 cenotes tankah tour - ride a canoe

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Cenote Diving Tulum: Once upon a time… in the Xibalba

Here we go with a video taken on a scuba dive in Dos Pisos cave system, what a smooth and beautiful dive!!. The shallowness and incredibly decorated passages of this part of the cave system make a very good place where to go for a very long breath taking scuba dive. Hope that the video can transmit a bit of the peace and sacredness we got to feel on this cave dive.

Once upon a time… in the Xibalba from Agua Clara Project on Vimeo.

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Diving in Tulum Caves and Cenotes: Cave Diving into Jail House

Eco tours into the Tulum Cenotes, Mexico
This Cenote, part of Naranjal cave system offers some incredible cave dives that go from very dark passages to salty water light full ones, megaterio bones and some incredibly nice decorated areas like the one we visited on this dive, the swiss siphon, it is in the salty part of the cave but amazingly keeps a lot of it`s formations in a weird eroded way. Enjoy it!

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Diving into Cenote The Pit Tulum

Immersion in cenote the pit

The Pit Cenote – Eco Tours into the Cenotes around Tulum, Mexico

Located 5km from the federal highway next to Xel-ha, cenote the pit is one of the deepest (underwater caves or sinkholes) in the state of Quintana Roo.It is part of Dos Ojos cave system (same as cenote Dos Ojos) and it represents an amazing dive site around Tulum due the following reasons: – Exceptional clarity of the water with visibility of more than 100 mts (310 ft). – Amazing light beans like the one coming in from the hole where we start the dive that during the summer penetrates the cavern for more than 40 mts down (120 ft). – A 5 mts (15 ft) thick hydrogen sulfide cloud created by the decomposition of organic matter fallen in the past with fallen trees from the jungles coming out of it. – Lots and lots of giant and tiny stalactites pointing at the bottom endless cave.

Before doing this scuba dive is very important taking in count the following things: – Scuba diving in cenote the pit requires previous deep scuba diving and cavern scuba diving experience – Always go with a full cave diver guide. – When you dive in this cenote, check your air constantly, remember on the depth you spend more air: At 40 mts (120 ft) deep you breath 5 times more compressed air. – Check your computer for decompression limits. – While passing trough the cloud stay very close to your guide and if you loose orientation watch for your bubbles to know we the surface is. – Dive up really slow. – Don`t forget to take in count your safety stop when you calculate your air. You should follow the rule of thirds as far as air control. The dive we operate in this cavern usually lasts for about half an hour.

Diving in the Pit is an amazing experience, if you are interested in diving it, feel free to check our diving tours Learn more about the different cenotes in the area.

Difficulty: Hard

Amount of dives: 1.

Immersion in cenote the pit

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List of the Cenotes near Tulum

Scuba Diving in the legendary Cenotes of Tulum

All of these cenotes are part of our guided eco tours both for snorkeling and scuba diving. If you are planning to visit Mexico to discover this amazing natural places, do not hesitate in contacting us we offer personalized scuba diving eco tours into the cenotes of the Mayan Riviera. Contact Us

Click on the Cenotes to find details about each of them:

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Cenote Angelita: About Cenotes

Diving Tulum, Cenote Angelita

Eco Tours into the Cenotes around Tulum, Mexico

coming out of the cloud in cenote angelita

Angelita is a very unique and special place to scuba dive in, hardly ever experienced, it resembles to be diving in an horror movie.

It is an uncovered huge hole  in the middle of a very thick jungle that goes down to 204 ft (66 m). It`s most amazing feature is a 4.5 ft (1.5 m) thick hydrogen sulfide cloud that starts at 83 ft (27 m). This forms out of the decomposition of the trees and leaves that fall from the jungle into the cenote and accumulates where the fresh and the salty water meet (halo cline). As you are getting in to the cloud it seems that you are getting to the bottom of the cenote, but guau, suddenly your guide starts despairing in to it!. As you get below the cloud the visibility goes fine again but this time since you are under the cloud it`s dark (of course we take lights with us). Since the jungle around the cenote is so thick it has gotten lots and lots of vegetable material that apart of forming the cloud have formed a mountain in the cenote that is fully covered with this jungle peaces. My favorite part of the dive is the view of the pick of this mountain you get as you are coming out the cloud, it just gets some meters in top of it, so it seems as the pick of a creepy mountain coming in top of a cloud. In the slow way up we get in to a cave that does a loop in to the main hole  and we can appreciate a few trees that are still hanging from the walls of the cenote.

On the scuba dive we operate here we go down to a 120 ft (40 m) and we make a bottom time of about half an hour. It requieres to be an experienced scuba diver, with experience in deep diving and cavern diving to dive in this cenote.

Dificulty: Very Hard

Amount of dives: 1

Scuba diving video shot in Cenote Angelita, Tulum by Agua Clara Diving Tulum diveshop located in Tulum. The video shows the amazing “clouds” that form in the cenote depths. Angelita in spanish means “little angel”.

dead forest angelita

 

Diving Tulum, Cenote Angelita

List of the Cenotes near Tulum

All of these cenotes are part of our guided eco tours both for snorkeling and scuba diving

floating in the cloud of cenote angelita

Eco Tours a los cenotes alrededor de Tulum, Mexico

[imagebrowser id=36] Angelita es un lugar muy unico y especial para practicar buceo scuba, nunca en mis años de buzo he encontrado algo similar, es difícil de describir pero parece como estar buceando en una película de terror.

Es un agujero sin techo enorme en el medio de una selva muy densa que baja a unos 66 m (204 pies) de profundidad. Su mejor encanto es una nube de sulfato de hidrogeno de un metro y medio de espesor (4.5 pies) que empieza a los 27 metros de profundidad. Esta se forma por la descomposición de los arboles y hojas de la selva que caen al cenote y se acumula en el punto a donde se juntan el agua dulce y el agua salada (halocina). Cuando te vas acercando a la nube parece que te estas acercando al fondo del cenote pero no, guau!, el guía de repente desaparece en la nube. Una vez debajo de la nube la visibilidad vuelve a ser buena pero es oscuro porque la nube no deja pasar la luz, por supuesto que llevamos lamparas para este momento. Como la selva al rededor del cenote es tan espesa se ha juntado una cantidad impresionante de materia vegetal que ademas de formar la nube ha formado una montaña completamente cubierta de pedazos de selva sobre la que buceamos bajo la nube. Mi parte favorita de este buceo es apenas es la vista que hay de la punta de esta montaña cuando se sale de la nube, la punta esta apenas unos metros por encima de la nube y da la apariencia de un terrífico pico saliendo de una nube. En el lento ascenso a la superficie entramos a una pequeña cueva que hace un loop de regreso al hueco principal y podemos apreciar varios troncos de arboles que han quedado colgados de las paredes del cenote.

El  buceo scuba que operamos aquí bajamos a 40 m (120 pies) y hacemos un tiempo de fondo de una media hora. Para bucear en este cenote se requiere ser un buzo experimentado con experiencia en buceo profundo y de cavernas.

Dificultad: Muy difícil

Cantidad de buceos: 1

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Cenote Calavera | Guide to the Cenotes of Tulum

Eco tours into the Cenotes around Tulum, Mexico

cenote calavera

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Cenote Calavera (skull in spanish) is called like that because it has 3 collapses in the ceiling that resemble to that, the two small ones would be the eyes and the big one the mouth. Now it is part of Sac Aktun cave system (same as, Gran Cenote, Casa Cenoteand cenote Sac Aktun), and in my opinion it is the nicest cavern in the area where to go if you want to appreciate a cool hallocline (where the fresh and the salty water meet).

This dive start is pretty adventurous, you have to get in to the skull trough its mouth by doing a 3 m high giant stride entry, but the real adventure doesn`t start until you deflate your bcd, the line in this cavern goes around a mountain that has formed under the big collapse (mouth). It`s maximum depth is 16 m (52 ft) and the dive usually lasts for about 40 min. While diving you can many times appreciate the light skull on your top formed by the light getting trough the holes in the celling, you can also get to see a lot of fossils and a very cool landscape that seems like been scuba diving on the moon or a swiss cheese. Any way the coolest thing about scuba diving in this cavern is the incredible hallocline that forms here. This is where the fresh and the salty water meet, since there is hardly any current in this cavern the two layers stay absolutely separed and since they each have different densities as the light passes from one to the other it gets refracted and create some very cool and unique visual effects.

This dive is recommendable for people that dived on one of the beginner caverns before because it can get to be a bit dark and small at points, also as the two waters mix they create a blurriness effect that can be scary to someone with out cavern diving experience.

Cenote pirañas tankah

Difficulty:Hard.

Dives: 1.

Localizado a 8 Km del pueblo de Tulum, el cenote Calavera gana su nombre debido a 3 colapso que vistos desde abajo al bucear parecen un craneo iluminado. La especialidad de este cenote son los avivamientos de haloclina, el punto de encuentro entre dos agua de diferentes densidades y temperaturas. En este caso se ve el agua salada debajo de la dulce y parece que nos encontramos en el punto de encuentro de dos dimensiones distintas tras separadas como el agua y el aceite. Al mover las agua y mezclarse también la vision se vuelve borrosa, como si requirieras de lentes. Es por eso que es importante ir preparado para no molestarse. Este fenómeno es muy visible en areas abiertas y obscuras, características reunidas por este cenote de la hollines son las bizarras formaciones rocosas que han sido erosionadas por el agua salada, la cuales son muy distintas a las de agua dulce. También se puede apreciar una gran luminosidad en la parte salda ya que el sedimento es claro y dispara la luz a todas direcciones.
Dificultad: Media
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List of the Cenotes near Tulum

All of these cenotes are part of our guided eco tours both for snorkeling and scuba diving

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Gran Cenote: About Cenotes

Eco Tours into the Cenotes around Tulum, Mexico

 
Underwater garden gran cenote

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Gran cenote is a huge cenote located only 3.5 km from Tulum. Its size, the clarity of the water and  beautifull landscape make it an ideal site for snorkelers and scuba divers. It is part of the second longest cave system in the area: Saac Aktun (as well as casa cenote and calavera) and one of the main  cave diving gates because of this and  the very detailed white rock decorations we find in it.

The cavern area where we scuba dive is a huge space full of cave formations from which we can always see the  beautiful light entering  from the cenote opening.  All this conditions make it an ideal place for scuba divers that are diving caverns (cenotes) for the first time.

The scuba dive we operate here lasts for about 40 min and goes to a maximum depth of 10 m (33 ft). The main lookouts for this cavern dive are the light views you get from inside the cavern and its beautiful formations. Dificulty: Easy

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Gran cenote esta localizado a 4 Km al este de Tulum. Es un gran colapso en la mitad de la selva que abre camino hacia una de las cuevas mas decoradas y blancas de la zona. El buceo del area de caverna es un circuito fácil ideal para entrar en sincronía con el ambiente de los cenotes. Tiene gigantescas estalactitas, agua muy clara con entradas de luz bañando un pequeño jardin acuático.
Muy recomendable para confinarlo con cenote Calavera que le queda muy cercano y da dos experiencias totalmente distintas de cenotes.

Number of Dives: 1

List of the Cenotes near Tulum

All of these cenotes are part of our guided eco tours both for snorkeling and scuba diving

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Cenote Carwash or Aktuna Ha | Cenotes around Tulum

Eco Tours into the Cenotes around Tulum, Mexico

Carwash (or aktun ha, meaning water cave in mayan) refers to a Cenote and to a cave system that started been explored from this cenote.  It   was one of  the first  cenotes where cave divers got in to and they called it like that because since it is really close to the road that connects Tulum with Merida  taxi drivers used to go there to wash their cars.

The open water part of this cenote is like a little lagoon that holds a beautiful underwater garden where there are a few different fish, couple turtles and even a small crocodile living in.The cavern dive we operate here starts  in the garden area and goes  straight in to the cavern area. Since the cavern is used by cave instructors to train students there is no already placed guide line and the guide has to place it, this gives  an exploration feeling that is pretty cool. Speleothemes in this cavern are black, stained by  the tanic acid that passed once trough the cavern. The cavern is pretty big and in my opinion the most beautiful part of the dive is the view of the light getting in to the garden part and lighting the fallen trees you get as you are heading back to the entry. For finishing, as we do the safety stop we have a nice look around the garden and try to look for the different inhabitants that live here.

This Cavern dive is  easy, the spaces you dive trough are very big, the way in seems dark but as you turn back you can always see the sun light, and there is thin sediment in the bottom but since the cavern is huge there is no need to swim close to it. Recommendable to dive in one of the beginner caverns (like Dos Ojos and Gran Cenote) before diving it but doesn`t require super skills.

Amount of dives: 1

Difficulty: Medium.

List of the Cenotes near Tulum

All of these cenotes are part of our guided eco tours both for snorkeling and scuba diving

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Casa Cenote: About Tulum Cenotes

diving casa cenote tulum mangrove

Eco Tours into  Cenotes around Tulum, Mexico

diving casa cenote tulum mangrove

Casa cenote is an open cenote that is located right next to the sea and connected to it via a huge cave. It has fresh water coming from the underground river, salty water coming from the ocean connection and it is completely surrounded by mangrove. All this turns it in to a very special place.  It is home to many young fish that seek refuge from sea currents inside its calm waters and also to many fresh water fish that belong to the cenotes ecosystems. Both ocean and cenote fish share this peace of paradise. Also many birds like egrets and cormorants love it here and we can see them in and out of the water. Since it is very well protected and so full of wonders this cenote is ideal for almost every body. Snorkelers, scuba diving students, scuba divers that need a refresher or even very experienced divers that want to check out its magic. It offers beautiful mangrove views, algae gardens, under the mangrove caverns and all of the inhabitants that use this place protection. The Scuba Dives taken here go to a maximum depth of 8 m (24 feet) and last for about 45 min. Difficulty: Very Easy. Dives: 1.   

mangorve casa cenote
Snorkeling in Tulum – Photos of a cenote snokel tour in tulum, mexico canals

Casa cenote es la boca de un río subterráneo que se conecta por una gran cueva al mar. Esta localizado a unos 10 Km al norte de Tulum. El tamaño de la cueva y su cercanía con el mar dan como resultado un ecosistema de agua salobre, con grandes areas de manglar en sus alrededores y habitantes de estuario.
Casa cenote es un sitio ideal para aprender a bucear, ya que cuenta con areas poco profundas arenosas y cuenta con los requisitos de agua confinadas para realizar ejercicios. Es un sitio que por su gran belleza, es recomendado también para buzos experimentados, ya que a pesar de estar tan cercano al mar, mantiene una muy buena visibilidad la mayor parte del año.
En este cenote es posible encontrar mojarras, guppies, lenguados, cormoranes (hermosas aves pescadoras) e incluso morenas!

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List of the Cenotes near Tulum

Scuba Diving in the legendary Cenotes of Tulum

All of these cenotes are part of our guided eco tours both for snorkeling and scuba diving

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Cenote Dos Ojos: about cenotes of Tulum | Tulum Guide

CenotesDosOjosEastEYE

This article is about Cenote dos Ojos and Diving & snorkeling  tours into the Cenotes of Yucatan, Mexico.

Cenotes Dos Ojos , Tulum, Mexico Scuba diving tours
Cenotes Dos Ojos , Tulum, Mexico Scuba diving tours. East eye.

Scuba Diving in the legendary Cenotes of Tulum

Cenote Dos Ojos Tulum

2 tanks  Difficulty: Easy  Dive certification required

Map of Cenote dos ojos, Tulum Mexico
Map of Cenote dos ojos, Tulum Mexico

Dos ojos (Two Eyes) refers to two neighboring cenotes that are connected by a large cavern and that seem to look into the subterranean river. Dos ojos laso refers to a flooded cave system located north of Tulum, on the Caribbean coast of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. The original explorations of this water system, one of the largest in the world, started in these cenotes.In May 2013 the total length of the combined system measures 310.95 kilometers (193.22 mi). Dos Ojos was filmed for IMAX in 2002 and for BBC/Discovery in 2006. Dos Ojos is an excellent place to do the first dive in a cenote due its wide spaces, cristal clear waters and heavy sediment, making less risky the removal of it. This cenote dive site cosist of two independent circuits: The first dive starts at the Barbie line, a 750 mts line of wide spaces and big  light entrances. We always start the dive with this line because its very close to the surface and its a great way of getting aquainted to the feeling of the fresh water, were there is less buoyance and the changes are faster and more delicate. The duration of this dive is 45 minutes and the maximum depth is 10 mts. The second dive cirucuit is called the Bat cave, a completely different experience, the bat cave is and adjacent cenote, next to dos ojos, and represents a much more preserved enviroment, mainly due the fact that the roof of the cenote hastn´t collapsed yet and all the formations around it maintain in very good shape. The dive circuit has a lenght of 450 mts, is darker and takes about 35 minutes. If you are interested in this dive, please chek our cenote diving tours page.

List of the Cenotes near Tulum

Scuba Diving in the legendary Cenotes of Tulum

All of these cenotes are part of our guided eco tours both for snorkeling and scuba diving. If you are planning to visit Mexico to discover this amazing natural places, do not hesitate in contacting us we offer personalized scuba diving eco tours into the cenotes of the Mayan Riviera. Contact Us

Click on the Cenotes to find details about each of them: